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Announcement: Text Analysis Tools

Text and content analysis tools.

Announcement: Historical Multimedia

Announcement: Alternative Interfaces

Alternative hardware or software paradigms of the interfaces—e.g., haptic, augmented, immersive, non-standard physical or screen navigation systems, etc. (Objects in this category may also be included in other categories related to individual hardware or software topics.)

Announcement: Online Knowledge Bases

“Knowledge Base” here to refers to sites or projects which have employed some kind of innovation or collaborative approach to knowledge-shaping on the Internet.

Announcement: Open Tagging Systems

Online text, multimedia, or social networking resources that allow users to annotate (“tag”) content with metadata (e.g.,category designations) in an open, flexible scheme for sharing with others.

Announcement: Tools for Analyzing Online Social Networks

Announcement: Social Networking Systems

(See also Open Tagging Systems, which allow for a minimal level of community formation around shared metadata tags designating common categories of interest.)

Announcement: Hardware Innovations (Historical)

Technological innovations from the age of manuscripts through modern codex books and document forms.

Announcement: Art Installations

Where appropriate and useful, some art works related to the issues of the Transliteracies Project are also placed in other categories of “Objects for Study.” For example, a work might contribute equally to art and to research in text visualization or data mining. But cross-categorization is the exception rather than rule. Art works that seem intended primarily for an art context or are difficult to generalize are not placed in multiple categories. (Categories would otherwise become less useful, since contemporary art works may have a simultaneously mimetic, parodic, subversive, and/or transformative character that allows them in principle to be placed alongside any and all other objects for study.)

Announcement: Annotation Technology & Practices (Historical)

Announcement: Annotation Technology & Practices (Online)

Announcement: Browsing Practices

Announcement: Blog & Content Management Systems (CMS)

Announcement: Browser Innovations

Announcement: Historical Encoding & Formatting Inventions

See also contemporary Text Encoding (Markup)

Announcement: Text Encoding (Markup)

Contemporary text-encoding and text-markup approaches. (See also Historical Encoding & Formatting Inventions)

Announcement: Cognitive Approaches to Reading

Announcement: Related Blogs

Announcement: Text and Multimedia

Announcement: Collective Reading

Collective / group reading practices, both online and historical, distributed and on location (as in a classroom).

Announcement: Text for Cell Phones & Small Wireless Devices

Announcement: Immersive Text Environments

Immersive, virtual-reality, or augmented-reality display environments for text, including both large-scale and “book”-scale devices.

Announcement: Search & Data Mining Innovations

Search and data mining technology innovations with implications for the future of online reading.

Announcement: Online Text Archives

Recent developments in large-scale online text archiving.

Announcement: Software/Coding Innovations

Included in this category of Objects for Study are foundational programming or coding innovations (as opposed to particular programs) that bear thinking about for their possible impact on online reading practices. (See also Text Encoding (Markup) | Historical Encoding & Formatting Inventions)

Announcement: Codex Book / Digital Text Hybrids

Announcement: Online Journals (Experimental Paradigms)

Announcement: Past Reading Practices (Classical to 19th-Century)

Announcement: Literacy Studies

Research into the nature, varieties, and social forms of literacy, past or present, print- or media-based.

Announcement: Hardware Innovations

Included in this category of Objects for Study are hardware inventions or devices that bear thinking about for their possible impact on online reading practices. Also included for historical perspective are some hardware innovations of past media revolutions (e.g., vellum, the codex book).

Announcement: Text Vizualization

Announcement: Tools for Online Reading

Announcement: Related Projects & Centers

Announcement: New Reading Interfaces Working Group » Objects for Study

Interesting objects bearing on digital reading interfaces, especially where text is adapting (and vice versa) to networked and multimedia communication environments. Included are innovations in such fields as human factors inferface research (HFI), text-encoding, text visualization and art, etc.

Announcement: Social Computing Working Group » Objects for Study

Objects of interest bearing on the relation between recent networked reading technologies/practices (e.g., email, blogging, text-messaging, instant-messaging, open tagging or editing, new portable digital devices) and the formation and conduct of social groups. Another way to phrase this topic is “collective reading” in the age of the network.

Announcement: New Approaches to Reading Print Texts

Announcement: All Objects for Study

Cumulative list of “objects for study” in the Transliteracies Research Clearinghouse, sorted chronologically by date of entry with the most recent first.

Announcement: History of Reading Working Group » Objects for Study

Interesting historical objects that bear on the current exploration of online reading practices, where “objects” refers to the equivalents of hardware, software, protocol, media, design, and usage conventions of the past—with their attendant psychological, social, and cultural implications.

The “history of the book,” “history of print culture,” and history of “oral culture” fields have witnessed vigorous growth in recent years as a historical extension of the contemporary focus on media and technology.


A “digital scholarly network,” MediaCommons focuses on bringing academic work into wide circulation for discussion and on refiguring the processes of academic publishing. Projects of MediaCommons include In Media Res and the MediaCommons Press.

“MediaCommons, a project-in-development with support from the Institute for the Future of the Book (part of the Annenberg Center for Communication at USC) and the National Endowment for the Humanities, is a network in which scholars, students, and other interested members of the public can help to shift the focus of scholarship back to the circulation of discourse. This network is community-driven, responding flexibly to the needs and desires of its users. It will also be multi-nodal, providing access to a wide range of intellectual writing and media production, including forms such as blogs, wikis, and journals, as well as digitally networked scholarly monographs. Larger-scale publishing projects are being developed with an editorial board that will also function as stewards of the larger network.”

Starter Links: MediaCommons | In Media Res| MediaCommons Press | Institute for the Future of the Book

Transliteracies Research ReportTransliteracies Research Report By Christopher Hagenagh

TimesPeople Transliteracies Research Report

The New York Times released TimesPeople on June 18, 2008 with the goal of creating a social network based on sharing content from the website. The June 18th launch, previously available only in Firefox and as a plug-in, became more widely available in September 2008 and allowed users additional features like the ability to sync their TimesPeople activity with their Facebook accounts. More recently, in February, The New York Times added the TimesPeople API to their current list of APIs to facilitate interaction with the Times outside of the website and to move one step closer to reimagining the future of the news through collaboration with developers.

Starter Links: TimesPeople Home Page

Transliteracies Research ReportTransliteracies Research Report By Renee Hudson